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Common Cosmetology Vocabulary Glossary of Terms

A beauty school is just like any other school. You need to study, practice, and get to know basic principles of biology and chemistry and even physics as you learn more about how to apply makeup, how to use makeup to highlight the natural contours of your face, as well as how to care for your skin. Schoolwork is a basic part of beauty school aside from practical exercises, and that includes knowing important cosmetology terms.

Cosmetology Vocabulary Glossary

Just like any other profession, cosmetologists use certain words that are related to the industry. Let’s take a look at some of the most common terms.


This word refers to the inflammation of the pores that occurs when oil glands are clogged with dirt and bacteria. This occurs on various parts of the body but most often in the skin of the face, the arms, shoulders, and the back.


Also known as fringes in the UK, bangs are the strands of hair cut to cover the forehead. There are different styles of bangs, from the thick and straight to side swept and thin wisps of hair that cover a portion of the forehead. Bangs are very versatile and can be done on straight and curly hair.


This term refers to any product, whether for the hair or the face, which is derived from plant extracts. Botanical products have the advantage of having natural, gentler ingredients. However, botanical products are different from pure organic beauty products.


This refers to anything related to the skin, whether it is the outer layer, called the epidermis, or underlying layers. Most makeup techniques involve the epidermis or the upper layer of the skin, while skin care involves the care of both the upper and underlying skin layers.


This is a procedure done to remove the uppermost layers of the skin. Epidermabrasion is a great way to smoothen the skin to get rid of fine lines and wrinkles.


This word refers to a kind of coverage using foundation that does not reflect light. A matte foundation, for example, gives an even, nonshiny coverage.


A mullet is a kind of hairstyle composed of two different styles. A common style is a crew cut with a ponytail at the back. Mullet applies to both men and women, although it is seen most often on men.


Toner is a product formulated to close the pores and restore the natural pH balance of the skin. It removes any trace of dirt and grime after you use a facial cleanser.


This hair cutting technique is done by cutting the hair on the back shorter than the rest of the hair. This is to prevent it from growing longer than the rest as your hair grows.

A good grasp of cosmetology glossary terms is essential to being a good stylist or cosmetologist. These are just some of the many terms students will learn when they enroll in Evergreen Beauty School. If you are looking to build a career in the beauty industry, you should start getting familiar with these terms right away.

About Sam

Sam has been covering the fashion and beauty industry for over 5 years. Since graduating from the School of Journalism at Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario, Sam has almost written exclusively for the web.

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